SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • Zinc;
  • Alkoxides;
  • Phenoxides;
  • Ketoiminates;
  • Ring-opening polymeri­zation;
  • rac-Lactide;
  • Industrial ­chemistry;
  • Ligand effects

Abstract

Dimeric methylzinc ketoiminate complexes bis{4-[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imido]pentan-1-one}methylzinc, [{L1}ZnMe]2, and bis{1-phenyl-3[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imido]butan-1-one}methylzinc, [{L2}ZnMe]2 have been synthesized and completely characterized along with the homoleptic zinc complex bis{1-phenyl-3[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imido]butan-1-one}zinc, [{L2}2Zn] by means of single-crystal X-ray structure analysis and NMR spectroscopy. The related dimeric zinc phenoxide–ketoiminate complexes [{L3}Zn]2·(dmso)2, [{L4}Zn]2·(dmso)2, [{L5}Zn]2·(dmso)2, [{L6}Zn]2·(dmso)2 and [{L4}Zn]2·(hmpa)2 (dmso = dimethyl sulfoxide; hmpa = hexamethylphosphoramide) have also been synthesized along with the tetrameric zinc alkoxide–ketoiminate complex [{L7}Zn]4. In preliminary studies the complexes described in this report were assessed for their activity in the ring-opening polymerization of rac-lactide, either in the solution state (in the presence of benzyl alcohol initiator), or under industrially preferred melt conditions (130 °C no solvent). It could be shown that these compounds are able to act as initiators for lactide polymerization, with molecular weights (Mn) of up to 102050 g/mol.