Synthesis, Characterization, and Crystal Structures of Scorpionate Complexes with the Hydrotris[3-(2′-thienyl)pyrazol-1-yl]borate Ligand



Six scorpionate complexes of group 10–12 metal elements (CuI, CuII, ZnII, and CdII) containing the anionic hydrotris[3-(2′-thienyl)pyrazol-1-yl]borate (TpTn) ligand were prepared from the reaction of the thallium(I) salt of TpTn with the corresponding metal acceptors in chloroform solution. The air- and heat-stable complexes were characterized by analytical and spectroscopic methods (IR, conductivity, ESI-MS, 1H NMR and 13C NMR solution data) and structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray studies. The ZnII complexes [Zn(TpTn)X] (X = Cl or Br) contain a tripodal tridentate TpTn ligand, in which the tetrahedral metal environment is completed by a halide; in [Cd(TpTn)2], cadmium is found in an octahedral environment coordinated by two TpTn ligands. In [Cu(TpTn)(PPh3)]·CHCl3 and [Cu(TpTn)(OC(O)CH3)], TpTn is also coordinated in the tripodal fashion, in which the copper environment is completed by a triphenylphosphine ligand in the former complex and by a symmetrically coordinated bidentate acetate ligand occupying trans-coordinated sites in the latter complex. The reaction of [Zn(TpTn)X] with an excess amount of [Tl(TpTn)] in MeOH yielded [Zn(TpTn)2] and TlX, whereas the reaction of [Zn(TpTn)X] with Na(Tp) gave [Zn(TpTn)2] and [Zn(Tp)2] in a 1:1 molar ratio but not [Zn(TpTn)(Tp)]. By contrast, the reaction of [Tl(TpTn)] with copper(II) sulfate monohydrate in chloroform gave a green powder, which was identified as the [(Hpz3Tn)4CuSO4](∞|∞) coordination polymer containing OSO2O bridging sulfate groups and four coordinated pyrazole ligands on each metal center, the latter of which arises from the decomposition of the TpTn ligand through B–N bond breaking. Similarly, the interaction between [Tl(TpTn)] and platinum(II) diiodide in chloroform/DMSO proceeded through TpTn decomposition to afford a monomeric trans-[(Hpz3Tn)2PtI2]·2(CH3)2SO complex, wherein two neutral pyrazole ligands are coordinated to the PtII center.