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Keywords:

  • Carbenes;
  • Carbene precursors;
  • Phosphanes;
  • Density functional calculations

Abstract

The deprotonation of N-di-tert-butylphosphanyl-N-aryl-N′-diisopropylformamidinium salts led to a new type of stable acyclic N-phosphanyl-diaminocarbene (PADC). Carbenes 8a8d were separated as single compounds. The molecular structure of 8c was determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. The PADC 8 possess an optimal substitution pattern at the nitrogen atoms, and the N–Ccarbene–N bond angle is 120.7°. Structural changes near the carbenic carbon atom, such as substitution of phenyl with mesityl, phosphanyl with selenophosphoryl, or the diisopropylamino group with 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidino, rendered them unstable. The PADCs underwent N,C-phosphorus shifts to afford new C-phosphanylformamidines.