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Keywords:

  • Chemical interesterification;
  • palm stearin;
  • palm kernel olein;
  • solid fat content;
  • triacylglycerol composition

Abstract

Palm stearin (POs) with an iodine value of 41.4, sunflower oil (SFO) and palm kernel olein (PKOo) were blended in various ratios according to a three-component mixture design and subjected to chemical interesterification (CIE). Triacylglycerol (TAG) and solid fat content (SFC) profiles of the chemically interesterified (CIEed) blends were analyzed and compared with those of the corresponding non-CIEed blends. Upon CIE, extensive rearrangement of fatty acids (FA) among TAG was evident. The concentrations of several TAG were increased, some decreased and several new TAG might also have been formed. The changes in the TAG profiles were reflected in the SFC profiles of the blends. The SFC of the CIEed blends, except the binary blends of POs/PKOo which experienced an increase in SFC following CIE, revealed that they were softer than their respective starting blends. Randomization of FA distribution within and among TAG molecules of POs and PKOo led to a modification in TAG composition of the POs/PKOo blends and improved miscibility between the two fats, and consequently diminished the eutectic interaction that occurred between POs and PKOo.