SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • High-saturated fat diet;
  • phytosterol;
  • pectin;
  • female guinea pigs

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a study whose aim was to test the effects of several doses of pectin and phytosterols on the sterol content in plasma, liver and feces of guinea pigs, when added to a high-saturated fat diet. The treatments followed a 3×3 factorial design, with three levels of pectin (0, 3.67 and 6.93%) and three levels of phytosterols (0, 1.37 and 2.45%). Seventy-two female Dunkin Hartley guinea pigs were randomly assigned to the treatment groups (eight animals per group). The duration of the treatment was 4 weeks. No differences were found in plasma cholesterol concentrations, while in liver we saw a reduction in cholesterol concentration after phytosterol feeding. Moreover, we found no pectin effects. Plant sterol concentration increased in plasma and liver after phytosterol ingestion, with the highest concentrations being obtained with the intermediate pectin dose. Our results suggest that a high-saturated diet may impair the cholesterol-lowering properties of plant sterols and pectin.