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Keywords:

  • Bioactives;
  • Fatty acids;
  • Health benefits;
  • Nuts;
  • Phytosterols;
  • Sphingolipids;
  • Tocols

Abstract

The levels and compositions of fat-soluble bioactives such as fatty acids, tocols, phytosterols, and sphingolipids present in 12 nut oils (almond, Brazil nut, cashew, chestnut, hazelnut, heartnut, macadamia, peanut, pecan, pine nut, pistachio, and walnut) are reported and compared. Meeting the recommended daily intake of vitamin E and phytosterols by consuming nuts is discussed. The health benefits of fat-soluble bioactives in nuts have been thoroughly reviewed. Research findings from over 88 references, many of which published only within the last 10 years, have been compiled and reported.