These authors contributed equally to this work.
Hybrid nanocomposites based on POSS and networks of methacrylated camelina oil and various PEG derivatives
Article first published online: 29 JAN 2014
© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology
Volume 116, Issue 4, pages 458–469, April 2014
How to Cite
Balanuca, B., Lungu, A., Hanganu, A.-M., Stan, L. R., Vasile, E. and Iovu, H. (2014), Hybrid nanocomposites based on POSS and networks of methacrylated camelina oil and various PEG derivatives. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., 116: 458–469. doi: 10.1002/ejlt.201300370
- Issue published online: 3 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 29 JAN 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 24 DEC 2013 03:57AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 13 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Received: 7 OCT 2013
- Sectorial Operational Programme Human Resources Development of the Romanian Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection
- Camelina oil;
- PEG dimethacrylate;
- Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane;
- VIS curing
Several photo-curable hybrid systems based on methacrylate-modified camelina oil (CO) were synthesized through a copolymerization reaction with hydrophilic dimethacrylated poly(ethylene glycol) macromonomers (PEG MW = 300, 550, and 750 g/mol). In a first step, the epoxidation and subsequently the methacrylation reactions of CO were performed and monitorized using 1H NMR and FTIR. Further, the polymerization reaction of the new synthesized oil-based monomer under visible light was proved by FTIR. The chain length of methacrylate functionalized PEG was found to directly influence some key properties of the oil-based networks. The curing performance of the systems was studied by GF measurements. Water uptake capacity tests and contact angle measurements were undertaken and it was found that the internal arrangement of components is strongly affecting the hydrophilicity of the materials. Furthermore, nanostructured polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) compounds bearing one or eight methacrylated groups were selected in order to obtain innovative organic–inorganic nanocomposites. Mechanical and thermal properties were evaluated by compression tests, DMA, TGA, and also the morphology of the synthesized materials was investigated by SEM.
Practical applications: Tailoring the copolymer composition and the reinforcing agent in the manufacturing process leads to a wide range of products with optimum properties suitable for use in a variety of industrial areas. Well-defined oil-derived systems with controllable compressive strength were prepared in this work covering the whole range, from a hard material (with short chain PEG) to a soft and flexible one (with long chain PEG).