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Keywords:

  • Alkynes;
  • Amines;
  • Homogeneous catalysis;
  • Hydroamination;
  • Titanium

Abstract

We describe a very simple hydrogenation-like experimental protocol for the addition of gaseous methyl- and ethylamine to alkynes in the presence of Ind2TiMe2 as the catalyst. For efficient hydroamination reactions it is sufficient to stir a mixture of the alkyne and the catalyst in toluene at temperatures between 80 °C (terminal alkynes) and 105 °C (internal alkynes) under a constant pressure of 1 atm of the corresponding amine. After subsequent reduction of the initially formed imines, methyl- and ethylamine derivatives are the final products of the described one-pot reaction sequences. In the case of 2-alkyl-1-phenylalkynes as starting materials, biologically interesting 2-phenylethylamine derivatives possessing a small methyl or ethyl substituent at the N atom are easily accessible by the new reaction protocol. (© Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2005)