Women's emotional responses to the pervasiveness of gender discrimination
Article first published online: 12 NOV 2002
Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 33, Issue 3, pages 297–312, May/June 2003
How to Cite
Schmitt, M. T., Branscombe, N. R. and Postmes, T. (2003), Women's emotional responses to the pervasiveness of gender discrimination. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 33: 297–312. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.147
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2003
- Article first published online: 12 NOV 2002
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 JUL 2002
- Manuscript Received: 21 JAN 2002
In two experiments we found that women exhibited worse psychological well-being in a context in which gender discrimination was pervasive compared to a context in which is was rare. In Study 1, women who read an essay suggesting that sexism is pervasive reported lower self-esteem than women who read an essay suggesting that sexism is rare. In Study 2, we examined the effects of the pervasiveness of sexism when women were making an attribution for a single negative outcome. Women who attributed a negative evaluation to pervasive sexism exhibited less positive self-esteem and affect compared to women who could attribute the negative evaluation to an isolated instance of discrimination or to a non-sexist, external cause. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.