A number of studies have looked at causes of in-group bias, but few studies have actually investigated whether the two components of in-group bias, i.e. in-group and out-group evaluation, are related to each other and whether they have similar or different predictors. In the Fiji Islands, self-, in-group, and out-group evaluations were obtained using within-subject correlations from a sample of 336 indigenous and Indian Fijians. Self-evaluation was positively related to in-group evaluation, and both were positively related to out-group evaluation, supporting a spillover model. After controlling for background variables and the other evaluation variables, regression analyses showed that in-group identification was positively related to in-group evaluation, and social distance and political ethnocentrism were negatively related to out-group evaluation. Additionally, ethnicity interacted with collective self-esteem in determining both in-group favouritism and out-group derogation. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.