Testing an attribution-of-blame model of judgments of injustice
Article first published online: 9 NOV 2003
Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 33, Issue 6, pages 793–811, November/December 2003
How to Cite
Mikula, G. (2003), Testing an attribution-of-blame model of judgments of injustice. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 33: 793–811. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.184
- Issue published online: 9 NOV 2003
- Article first published online: 9 NOV 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 JUL 2003
- Manuscript Received: 13 JUN 2002
The attribution-of-blame model of judgments of injustice, which is the focus of this article, depicts judgments of injustice as blaming of an actor who is seen as responsible for the violation of the entitlement of somebody else without sufficient justification. Responsibility and blame are conceptualized in the model in accordance with Heider (1958) and Shaver (1985). The article briefly describes the background and the propositions of the model and its scope. Then it reports a series of four correlational and one experimental studies which tested the validity of the model. The findings lend support to the propositions that attributions of causality and intention and perceived lack of sufficient justification contribute to the perception of injustice beyond the mere perception that somebody's entitlement or deserving has been violated. However, no support was found for the assumption that perceived control of the respective agent contributes to the perception of injustice. The concluding section discusses the main findings of the studies and points to questions which should be pursued in future research in order to establish the range of validity of the proposed model of judgments of injustice. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.