Fast track report
Gender differences in implicit gender self-categorization lead to stronger gender self-stereotyping by women than by men
Article first published online: 17 APR 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 42, Issue 5, pages 546–551, August 2012
How to Cite
Cadinu, M. and Galdi, S. (2012), Gender differences in implicit gender self-categorization lead to stronger gender self-stereotyping by women than by men. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 42: 546–551. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.1881
- Issue published online: 10 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 17 APR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 6 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 26 SEP 2011
- minority status;
- implicit measures
It was hypothesized that, in natural group contexts, low-status in-group membership would be highly accessible, whereas membership to high-status groups would not. Therefore, gender group membership was predicted to be more accessible for women than for men. It was further hypothesized that the high accessibility of gender group membership would lead to stronger self-stereotyping for women than for men. To measure the accessibility of gender group membership, participants performed a Gender Self-Categorization Implicit Association Test (Studies 1 and 2), measuring the strength of automatic associations between the self and the gender in-group. Participants also performed a Self-Stereotyping Implicit Association Test (Study 2), assessing the strength of automatic associations between the self and the stereotypical traits of the in-group. As expected, implicit gender self-categorization and implicit gender self-stereotyping were stronger for women than for men. Importantly, implicit gender self-categorization mediated the relation between gender and self-stereotyping. Therefore, implicit gender self-categorization was the mechanism underlying stronger implicit self-stereotyping by women. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.