Fast track report
Thinking about Arabs and Muslims makes Americans shoot faster: Effects of category accessibility on aggressive responses in a shooter paradigm
Article first published online: 20 MAY 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 42, Issue 5, pages 552–556, August 2012
How to Cite
Mange, J., Chun, W. Y., Sharvit, K. and Belanger, J. J. (2012), Thinking about Arabs and Muslims makes Americans shoot faster: Effects of category accessibility on aggressive responses in a shooter paradigm. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 42: 552–556. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.1883
- Issue published online: 10 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 20 MAY 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 29 FEB 2012
- Manuscript Received: 24 NOV 2011
Is the same person perceived as more dangerous if the perceiver is induced to think about Arab and Muslim categories versus no category? Using the shooter paradigm, this study investigated the effects of the accessibility of ethnic (Arab) versus religious (Muslim) categories versus no category on spontaneous aggressive responses toward a target with an ambiguous appearance. Results demonstrated that shooting reactions toward armed targets were faster than non-shooting reactions toward unarmed targets, especially if the target was a man. Despite these main effects, participants made faster decisions to shoot an ambiguous armed target if primed with the category Arab or Muslim (versus no category priming). The findings indicate that the mere priming of these social categories is sufficient to facilitate aggressive responses, even if the targets themselves are ambiguous. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.