Mortality salience and uncertainty: Similar effects but different processes?
Article first published online: 10 APR 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 43, Issue 3, pages 185–191, April 2013
How to Cite
Echebarria-Echabe, A. (2013), Mortality salience and uncertainty: Similar effects but different processes?. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 43: 185–191. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.1938
- Issue published online: 10 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 10 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 8 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Received: 18 SEP 2012
Three experimental studies investigated whether death-thoughts avoidance as a consequence of mortality salience and need for certainty as a consequence of uncertainty are two different motivational states. The results suggest that although death-thought avoidance and need for certainty are different constructs, they share a great deal of variance (anxiety plays a pivotal mediational role in both). However, whereas the impact of uncertainty on negative attitudes towards an out-group with different worldviews (Arabs) was mediated only by anxiety (measured retrospectively), the effect of mortality salience was mediated by both retrospective anxiety and death-thought accessibility. These findings imply that similar effects that have been obtained by these two manipulations are, at least partly, the result of different processes. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.