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The self-regulatory role of anticipated group-based shame and guilt in inhibiting in-group favoritism

Authors

  • Lee Shepherd,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychology, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Scotland, UK
    2. School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Wales, UK
    • Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
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  • Russell Spears,

    1. School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Wales, UK
    2. Department of Social Psychology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
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  • Antony Stephen Manstead

    1. School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Wales, UK
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Correspondence to: Lee Shepherd, Department of Psychology, Northumbria University, Ellison Pl, NE1 8ST Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

E-mail: lee.shepherd@northumbria.ac.uk

Abstract

In three studies, we examined whether the anticipation of group-based guilt and shame inhibits in-group favoritism. In Studies 1 and 2, anticipated group-based shame negatively predicted in-group favoritism; in neither study did anticipated group-based guilt uniquely predict in-group favoritism. In Study 3, we orthogonally manipulated anticipated group-based shame and guilt. Here, we found that the shame (but not the guilt) manipulation had a significant inhibitory effect on in-group favoritism. Anticipated group-based shame (but not guilt) promotes egalitarian intergroup behavior. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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