The ‘why’ and ‘why not’ of job search behaviour: their relation to searching, unemployment experience, and well-being
Article first published online: 5 MAY 2004
Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 34, Issue 3, pages 345–363, May/June 2004
How to Cite
Vansteenkiste, M., Lens, W., De Witte, S., De Witte, H. and Deci, E. L. (2004), The ‘why’ and ‘why not’ of job search behaviour: their relation to searching, unemployment experience, and well-being. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 34: 345–363. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.202
- Issue published online: 5 MAY 2004
- Article first published online: 5 MAY 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 OCT 2003
- National Institute of Mental Health
- Flemish Fund for Scientific Research
Two studies (n = 273 and 254) used self-determination theory (SDT) to examine unemployed people's motivation both to search and not to search for a job. The self-regulation questionnaire format (Ryan & Connell, 1989) was used to assess participants' autonomous and controlled job-search motivation (the ‘why’ of job search) as well as their amotivation for searching. Additionally, both autonomous and controlled motivation for not searching (the ‘why not’ of job search) was assessed. Results provide validity for these five motivational constructs and indicate, in line with SDT, that the constructs predicted reports of search behaviour, affective experiences, and well-being. The addition of autonomous and controlled motivation for not searching contributed additional predictive power beyond the motivational constructs that focused only on searching. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.