The impact of middle names: Middle name initials enhance evaluations of intellectual performance
Version of Record online: 25 APR 2014
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 44, Issue 4, pages 400–411, June 2014
How to Cite
2014), The impact of middle names: Middle name initials enhance evaluations of intellectual performance, European Journal of Social Psychology, 44, pages 400–411. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2026and (
- Issue online: 10 JUN 2014
- Version of Record online: 25 APR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 13 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Received: 5 JUL 2013
Middle name initials often appear in formal contexts, especially when people refer to intellectual achievements. On the basis of this common link, the display of middle initials increases positive evaluations of people's intellectual capacities and achievements. We document this effect in seven studies: Middle initials in authors' names increased the evaluation of their writing performance (Study 1), and middle initials increased perceptions of status (Studies 2 and 4). Moreover, the middle initials effect was specific to intellectual performance (Studies 3 and 6), and it was mediated by perceived status (Studies 5–7). Besides supporting our hypotheses, the results of these studies yield important implication for everyday life. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.