The authors would like to thank Barbara Etz and Reinhard Kaul, who performed as actors in the video stimuli used in this study. Further thanks go to Hubertus Trageser, Peter Reisinger, and Ludwig Rosenbaum for technical help and advice, to Dr Kiessling (HNO-Klinik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen) for his theoretical and equipment support, and especially to our subjects, who participated with great enthusiasm. A more detailed technical report on the study described here can be obtained from the first author.
Sensitivity of persons with hearing impairment to visual emotional expression — compensation or deficit?†
Version of Record online: 22 FEB 2006
Copyright © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 185–193, March/April 1993
How to Cite
Wallbott, H. G. and Seithe, W. (1993), Sensitivity of persons with hearing impairment to visual emotional expression — compensation or deficit?. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 23: 185–193. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.2420230206
- Issue online: 22 FEB 2006
- Version of Record online: 22 FEB 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 JUL 1992
- Manuscript Received: 18 DEC 1991
The research examined whether subjects with hearing impairment would differ from normal hearing subjects in their ability to decode emotions from video stimuli (48 video takes in which two actors portrayed six different emotions). Studies in tactile and visual perception lead one to expect deficits, while there is also some evidence for compensation. Twenty-six subjects with hearing impairment and 26 matched normal hearing subjects participated (average age = 25.5 years; nine female, 17 male subjects in each group). Results indicate that in general subjects with hearing impairment were slightly less successful in decoding emotions from the visual stimuli than the normal hearing subjects. A comparison between highly (loss > 60–90 dBA) and moderately (loss about 30–60 dBA) impaired subjects on the other hand indicated poorer emotion decoding only for the moderately impaired group. Post-hoc analyses indicated that these effects were specific to males. Results are discussed with respect to compensation versus deficit, and with respect to issues of training.