The present studies were done while the first author was a visiting scholar at the University of California, San Diego.
Excuse-making and blaming as a function of internal—external locus of control
Version of Record online: 22 FEB 2006
Copyright © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 24, Issue 2, pages 295–302, March/April 1994
How to Cite
Wang, D. and Anderson, N. H. (1994), Excuse-making and blaming as a function of internal—external locus of control. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 24: 295–302. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.2420240207
- Issue online: 22 FEB 2006
- Version of Record online: 22 FEB 2006
- Manuscript Received: 13 NOV 1992
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 FEB 1992
- National Institute of Child Health and Development. Grant Number: PHS HD22932
Two studies examined differences in excuse-maktg and blaming by subjects with internal or external locus of control. In Study I, 39 internals and 30 externals judged acceptability of various excuses in three situations and also assigned blame for cheating and lying in other situations. Externals were uniformly more prone to use excuses than internals, both for other actors and for themselves. Also, externals tended to assign less blame for cheating and lying. In Study II, 24 internals and 32 externals divided blame among themselves, another person, and ‘no one to blame’ in 10 joint-responsible situations. Externals assigned more blame to the other person and less to themselves, but approximately the same blame to ‘no one’ Externals also had higher tendencies to blame others and were more sensitive to being blamed. These results point to a ‘missing dimension’ of interpersonal relations in studies of excuse-making and blame.