Saving Bulgaria's Jews: an analysis of social identity and the mobilisation of social solidarity
Article first published online: 16 JAN 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 36, Issue 1, pages 49–72, January/February 2006
How to Cite
Reicher, S., Cassidy, C., Wolpert, I., Hopkins, N. and Levine, M. (2006), Saving Bulgaria's Jews: an analysis of social identity and the mobilisation of social solidarity. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 36: 49–72. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.291
- Issue published online: 16 JAN 2006
- Article first published online: 16 JAN 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 MAY 2005
- Manuscript Received: 3 AUG 2004
This paper investigates the arguments used in public documents to mobilise Bulgarians against the deportation of Jews in World War II. We focus on the key documents relating to the first wave of mobilisation in 1940–1941 as provided by Todorov in The Fragility of Goodness (2001). We demonstrate that these documents are based on three types of argument. The first, category inclusion, treats the Jews as part of a common ingroup rather than as constituting a separate outgroup. The second, category norms, proposes that help for those under attack is a core aspect of ingroup identity. The third, category interest, suggests that the ingroup will be harmed if Jews are persecuted. In each case, the predominant category on which arguments are based is national identity (i.e. ‘we Bulgarians …’). This analysis is used to validate and extend a social identity of model of helping. The theoretical and practical implications of such an approach are considered in the discussion. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.