Merging on mayday: subgroup and superordinate identification as joint moderators of threat effects in the context of European Union's expansion
Article first published online: 18 AUG 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 36, Issue 6, pages 857–876, November/December 2006
How to Cite
Ullrich, J., Christ, O. and Schlüter, E. (2006), Merging on mayday: subgroup and superordinate identification as joint moderators of threat effects in the context of European Union's expansion. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 36: 857–876. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.319
- Issue published online: 20 OCT 2006
- Article first published online: 18 AUG 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 OCT 2005
- Manuscript Received: 5 SEP 2005
- Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. Grant Number: (GRK 884/1-04)
Threat has been proposed as an important cause of prejudice with social identification moderating its effects. In the context of the expansion of the European Union, two studies (N = 216 students and N = 107 non-students) examined how people with different levels of subgroup and superordinate identification respond to threats from an outgroup nested within the same superordinate category as the ingroup. Across experiments, a consistent finding was that participants who strongly identified with the subgroup (Germany) and the superordinate group (Europe) at the same time were most susceptible to a subtle manipulation of threat. Among these participants, threat increased prejudice (Studies 1 and 2) and ingroup projection (Study 2). Findings are discussed with regard to theoretical models of subgroup relations, especially the ingroup projection model, as well as the European integration process. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.