What have we been priming all these years? On the development, mechanisms, and ecology of nonconscious social behavior
Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 36, Issue 2, pages 147–168, March/April 2006
How to Cite
Bargh, J. A. (2006), What have we been priming all these years? On the development, mechanisms, and ecology of nonconscious social behavior. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 36: 147–168. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.336
- Issue published online: 7 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 7 MAR 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 JAN 2006
- U. S. National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Number: R01-MH60767
Priming or nonconscious activation of social knowledge structures has produced a plethora of rather amazing findings over the past 25 years: priming a single social concept such as aggressive can have multiple effects across a wide array of psychological systems, such as perception, motivation, behavior, and evaluation. But we may have reached childhood's end, so to speak, and need now to move on to research questions such as how these multiple effects of single primes occur (the generation problem); next, how these multiple simultaneous priming influences in the environment get distilled into nonconscious social action that has to happen serially, in real time (the reduction problem). It is suggested that models of complex conceptual structures (Lakoff & Johnson, 1980), language use in real-life conversational settings (Clark, 1996), and speech production (Dell, 1986) might hold the key for solving these two important ‘second-generation’ research problems. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.