Self-disclosure in computer-mediated communication: The role of self-awareness and visual anonymity
Version of Record online: 27 MAR 2001
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 31, Issue 2, pages 177–192, March/April 2001
How to Cite
Joinson, A. N. (2001), Self-disclosure in computer-mediated communication: The role of self-awareness and visual anonymity. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 31: 177–192. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.36
- Issue online: 27 MAR 2001
- Version of Record online: 27 MAR 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 OCT 2000
- Manuscript Received: 18 MAY 1999
Three studies examined the notion that computer-mediated communication (CMC) can be characterised by high levels of self-disclosure. In Study One, significantly higher levels of spontaneous self-disclosure were found in computer-mediated compared to face-to-face discussions. Study Two examined the role of visual anonymity in encouraging self-disclosure during CMC. Visually anonymous participants disclosed significantly more information about themselves than non-visually anonymous participants. In Study Three, private and public self-awareness were independently manipulated, using video-conferencing cameras and accountability cues, to create a 2 × 2 design public self-awareness (high and low)×private self-awareness (high and low). It was found that heightened private self-awareness, when combined with reduced public self-awareness, was associated with significantly higher levels of spontaneous self-disclosure during computer-mediated communication. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.