Self-ambivalence and reactions to success versus failure
Article first published online: 23 AUG 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 37, Issue 3, pages 547–560, May/June 2007
How to Cite
Riketta, M. and Ziegler, R. (2007), Self-ambivalence and reactions to success versus failure. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 37: 547–560. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.376
- Issue published online: 25 APR 2007
- Article first published online: 23 AUG 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 MAY 2006
- Manuscript Received: 9 NOV 2005
People differ in the extent to which their self-evaluations fluctuate in response to positive and negative events. This research tests whether self-ambivalence predicts this self-evaluative reactivity. Participants first completed measures of self-ambivalence and baseline self-esteem. Next, they were induced a success or failure experience in a cognitive task and finally rated their cognitive self-evaluations (task-specific ability, state self-esteem) and affective reactions (self-feelings, mood). Self-ambivalence was associated with stronger effects of the success/failure manipulation on cognitive self-evaluations but not on affective reactions, with baseline self-esteem controlled. Possible underlying mechanisms are discussed. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.