THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN RETRACTED
Retracted: When nothing compares to me: how defensive motivations and similarity shape social comparison effects
Article first published online: 26 SEP 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 37, Issue 5, pages 824–838, September/October 2007
How to Cite
Stapel, D. A. and Johnson, C. S. (2007), Retracted: When nothing compares to me: how defensive motivations and similarity shape social comparison effects. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 37: 824–838. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.390
- Issue published online: 31 AUG 2007
- Article first published online: 26 SEP 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 JUN 2006
- Manuscript Received: 29 JAN 2006
Vol. 42, Issue 5, 664, Article first published online: 28 JUN 2012
While similarity typically breeds social comparison, all information gained from social comparisons is not equally influential. Three studies illustrate the situations in which individuals defensively interpret social comparison information such that they incorporate information that reflects positively on the self and disregard negative information. Study 1 extends previous research to show that self-threat broadens the conditions under which defensive interpretations occur to include those in which similarity is ambiguous. Studies 2 and 3 demonstrate that defensive interpretations are less likely to occur when individuals are affirmed or when the comparison information is unimportant. These findings suggest that the impact of social comparisons on self-views is determined by both similarity of comparison targets and the motives of the perceiver. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.