The KKK won't let me play: ostracism even by a despised outgroup hurts
Version of Record online: 21 SEP 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 37, Issue 6, pages 1176–1186, November/December 2007
How to Cite
Gonsalkorale, K. and Williams, K. D. (2007), The KKK won't let me play: ostracism even by a despised outgroup hurts. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 37: 1176–1186. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.392
- Issue online: 29 OCT 2007
- Version of Record online: 21 SEP 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript Received: 21 FEB 2006
- Australian Research Council Grant
- National Science Foundation. Grant Number: 0519209
Previous research has shown that ostracism even by outgroup members is aversive. In this study we examined whether ostracism by a particular type of outgroup, a despised outgroup, was sufficient to inflict emotional distress. We manipulated ostracism using Cyberball, an on-line ball toss game. Ostracized participants reported lower levels of belonging, self-esteem, control, and meaningful existence, and more negative mood, than included participants. Moreover, ostracism by despised outgroup members was no less aversive than ostracism by rival outgroup or ingroup members. Participants differentiated between the groups, however; ostracized individuals reported greater outgroup negativity than included participants only when their co-players were members of the despised outgroup. We interpret these results as evidence for the powerful impact of ostracism and the potential importance of distinguishing between qualitatively different outgroups. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.