The automaticity of infra-humanization
Article first published online: 13 NOV 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 37, Issue 5, pages 987–999, September/October 2007
How to Cite
Boccato, G., Cortes, B. P., Demoulin, S. and Leyens, J. Ph. (2007), The automaticity of infra-humanization. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 37: 987–999. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.412
- Issue published online: 31 AUG 2007
- Article first published online: 13 NOV 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 JUL 2006
- Manuscript Received: 15 NOV 2005
- ARC grant. Grant Number: #01/06-270
This research tested the infra-humanization hypothesis that uniquely human emotions (e.g., love, sorrow) are automatically more linked in memory with the in-group than with the out-group. No such difference is expected for non-uniquely human emotions (e.g., joy, sadness) which pertain to everybody, including animals. Two studies using semantic primes followed by visual person categorization task (PCT) and lexical (lexical decision task, LDT) targets were conducted. Results supported infra-humanization theory. Reaction times were faster for the in-group/secondary emotions associations than for out-group/secondary emotions ones. As predicted, no difference in latency times appeared for primary emotions as a function of the groups. These findings elucidate the ambiguity present in Paladino et al. (2002). Theoretical and practical implications are suggested. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.