Senior Lecturer at School of Health and Social Sciences at Middlesex University and Assistant Professor at the Warsaw School of Social Psychology (SWPS).
Need for closure and competition in intergroup conflicts: experimental evidence for the mitigating effect of accessible conflict-schemas
Version of Record online: 8 MAY 2007
Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 38, Issue 1, pages 84–105, January/February 2008
How to Cite
de Zavala, A. G., Federico, C. M., Cisłak, A. and Sigger, J. (2008), Need for closure and competition in intergroup conflicts: experimental evidence for the mitigating effect of accessible conflict-schemas. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 38: 84–105. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.438
- Issue online: 23 JAN 2008
- Version of Record online: 8 MAY 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 MAR 2007
- Manuscript Received: 17 AUG 2006
Three experimental studies demonstrate that momentarily accessible conflict-schemas moderate the relationship between need for closure and conflict-strategy preferences, with the relationship between a high need for closure and increased competitiveness reduced to non-significance when a cooperative conflict-schema is made salient but strengthened when a hostile one is activated. Study 1 manipulated the accessibility of competitive versus cooperative conflict-schemas using different descriptions of a contemporary political conflict, while Studies 2 and 3 manipulated conflict-schema accessibility using primes embedded in an ostensibly unrelated lexical decision task. Together, the present studies provide a strong pattern of experimental support for the moderating effect of conflict-schema accessibility suggested by earlier correlational studies. The implications for conflict reduction are discussed. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.