The influence of stereotypes on decisions to shoot
Article first published online: 3 JUL 2007
Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 37, Issue 6, pages 1102–1117, November/December 2007
How to Cite
Correll, J., Park, B., Judd, C. M. and Wittenbrink, B. (2007), The influence of stereotypes on decisions to shoot. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 37: 1102–1117. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.450
- Issue published online: 29 OCT 2007
- Article first published online: 3 JUL 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 MAY 2007
- Manuscript Received: 22 NOV 2006
Using a videogame to simulate encounters with potentially hostile targets, three studies tested a model in which racial bias in shoot/don't-shoot decisions reflects accessibility of the stereotype linking Blacks to danger. Study 1 experimentally manipulated the race-danger association by asking participants to read newspaper stories about Black (vs. White) criminals. As predicted, exposure to stories concerning Black criminals increased bias in the decision to shoot. Studies 2 and 3 manipulated the number of White and Black targets with and without guns in the context of the videogame itself. As predicted, frequent presentation of stereotypic (vs. counterstereotypic) targets exacerbated bias (Study 2) and—consistent with our process account—rendered stereotypes more accessible (Study 3). Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.