Compensatory biases after ingroup threat: ‘yeah, but we have a good personality’
Article first published online: 19 JUL 2001
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 31, Issue 4, pages 353–367, July/August 2001
How to Cite
Cadinu, M. R. and Cerchioni, M. (2001), Compensatory biases after ingroup threat: ‘yeah, but we have a good personality’. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 31: 353–367. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.46
- Issue published online: 19 JUL 2001
- Article first published online: 19 JUL 2001
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 OCT 2000
- Manuscript Received: 19 JUL 2000
It was hypothesized that participants who strongly identify with the ingroup and receive unfavorable feedback about their group in one domain would compensate on alternative dimensions. A group of emergency medical service volunteers received negative, positive or no feedback on their volunteer organization and were asked to rate the ingroup and an outgroup on dimensions alternative to the feedback. As predicted, high identifiers showed an increase in ingroup favoritism after negative feedback (i.e. compensation) and a decrease after positive feedback (i.e. modesty effect). In contrast, low identifiers distanced themselves from the ingroup after negative feedback and accentuated self-ingroup similarity after positive feedback. Results are discussed in relation to a schema-maintenance model through compensation (Seta & Seta, 1993) and social identity theory. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.