Dealing with the past and facing the future: mediators of the effects of collective guilt and shame in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Article first published online: 8 OCT 2007
Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 38, Issue 4, pages 669–684, June 2008
How to Cite
Brown, R. and Cehajic, S. (2008), Dealing with the past and facing the future: mediators of the effects of collective guilt and shame in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 38: 669–684. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.466
- Issue published online: 13 MAY 2008
- Article first published online: 8 OCT 2007
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 AUG 2007
- Manuscript Received: 5 JUN 2006
Two studies are reported which examined potential mediators of the effects of collective guilt and shame on reparation attitudes. Samples of young Bosnian Serbs (Ns = 173, 247) were asked to report their feelings of guilt and shame for what their group had done during the 1992–1995 war in Bosnia Herzegovina. They also reported their attitudes towards making reparation to Bosnian Muslims. Both collective guilt and shame positively predicted reparation attitudes, but these associations were differently mediated. The effects of guilt were mediated by empathy for the outgroup, while the effects of shame were mediated by self-pity and empathy. The theoretical and applied implications of these findings are discussed. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.