THIS ARTICLE HAS BEEN RETRACTED
Retracted: Judging the unexpected: Disconfirmation of situation-specific expectancies
Article first published online: 5 JAN 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 39, Issue 6, pages 944–956, October 2009
How to Cite
Noordewier, M. K. and Stapel, D. A. (2009), Retracted: Judging the unexpected: Disconfirmation of situation-specific expectancies. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 39: 944–956. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.591
- Issue published online: 19 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 5 JAN 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 OCT 2008
- Manuscript Received: 3 MAR 2008
Vol. 42, Issue 5, 665, Article first published online: 28 JUN 2012
People's interactions with others typically take place in specific situations. Therefore, it is likely that expectancies of others are often situation-specific. In two studies, we examined when and how this situation-specificity of expectancies affects judgment.We showed that situation-specific expectancies ‘“Michael is kind at work”’ lead to surprise and contrast effects when incongruent behavior refers to the same specific situation ‘work’, but not in other situations ‘general or home’, whereas general expectancies ‘“Michael is kind”’ lead to such surprise and contrast effects, regardless of the target situation. These results suggest that people sometimes are “situationalists” and do not always show dispositional biases. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.