Short Research Note
On the robustness of the group reference effect
Article first published online: 22 MAR 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 40, Issue 2, pages 349–354, March 2010
How to Cite
Bennett, M., Allan, S., Anderson, J. and Asker, N. (2010), On the robustness of the group reference effect. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 40: 349–354. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.630
- Issue published online: 12 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 22 MAR 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 FEB 2009
- Manuscript Received: 4 FEB 2008
Extending the self-reference effect to the level of group identities, previous research has shown that participants' encoding of trait adjectives with reference to ingroups facilitates recall relative to a control condition in which judgments are made about adjectives' meanings. We contend that this experimental comparison may have exaggerated the extent of the group reference effect. Two studies are reported that examine this contention. In Study 1 participants encoded adjectives with reference to an ingroup, an outgroup or to its semantic properties. Study 2 was nearly identical but required that adjectives be encoded with reference to an ingroup, the personal self or a specific person other than the self. Notwithstanding the use of more stringent controls, both studies provided evidence for the group reference effect. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.