Group entitativity and similarity: Their differing patterns in perceptions of groups
Article first published online: 8 DEC 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 40, Issue 7, pages 1212–1230, December 2010
How to Cite
Crump, S. A., Hamilton, D. L., Sherman, S. J., Lickel, B. and Thakkar, V. (2010), Group entitativity and similarity: Their differing patterns in perceptions of groups. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 40: 1212–1230. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.716
- Issue published online: 8 DEC 2009
- Article first published online: 8 DEC 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 SEP 2009
- Manuscript Received: 4 AUG 2008
Three studies were conducted to investigate the relation between perceptions of group entitativity and group similarity. The first two studies tested whether entitativity and similarity would be perceived differently in participants' ingroups and outgroups. Across several different group types, we found that, in comparison to outgroups, ingroups were perceived to be relatively more entitative than outgroups, whereas outgroup members were perceived to be highly similar in comparison to ingroup members. The results of Study 3 showed that manipulation of group entitativity influenced perceptions of group entitativity but not of group similarity, whereas manipulation of similarity influenced perceptions of group similarity but not of group entitativity. The results of these studies provide support for the contention that entitativity and similarity are distinct (though related) concepts that function differently in group perception. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.