Fast Track Report
Facial reactions reveal that slim is good but fat is not bad: Implicit and explicit measures of body-size bias
Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 41, Issue 6, pages 688–694, October 2011
How to Cite
Roddy, S., Stewart, I. and Barnes-Holmes, D. (2011), Facial reactions reveal that slim is good but fat is not bad: Implicit and explicit measures of body-size bias. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 41: 688–694. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.839
- Issue online: 16 SEP 2011
- Version of Record online: 31 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 JUN 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 2 FEB 2011
- Manuscript Received: 26 APR 2010
Facial electromyography (EMG) was used to gauge emotional responding towards images of slim and overweight individuals, and findings were compared with data from a series of alternative measures including two implicit attitudinal procedures, the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) and the Implicit Association Test (IAT), and explicit measures of anti-fat prejudice and discriminatory behavior. Images of slim individuals elicited EMG responses consistent with more positive affect. Data from both the IRAP and IAT indicated higher levels of bias than were revealed on the explicit measures, and the IRAP also corroborated the EMG pattern by indicating responses consistent with pro-slim rather than anti-fat bias. The IRAP was moderately correlated with both EMG and the IAT and was the only measure to predict behavioral intentions. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.