Sarah E. Martiny and Jenny Roth contributed equally to this work.
When a new group identity does harm on the spot: Stereotype threat in newly created groups
Article first published online: 24 AUG 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 42, Issue 1, pages 65–71, February 2012
How to Cite
Martiny, S. E., Roth, J., Jelenec, P., Steffens, M. C. and Croizet, J.-C. (2012), When a new group identity does harm on the spot: Stereotype threat in newly created groups. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 42: 65–71. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.840
- Issue published online: 20 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 24 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 JUL 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 24 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Received: 22 JUL 2010
- Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. Grant Number: GRK 622
The detrimental consequences of negative stereotypes on performance have been demonstrated in a variety of social groups with various stereotypes. The present studies investigate the minimal conditions for stereotype threat using newly created groups. Results of three experiments (total N = 184) demonstrate that in the negative stereotype condition, the more participants identified with their novel group, the stronger was their decrease in performance. In the control condition, identification was either not related to performance, or it had by trend a positive effect. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed with regard to stereotype threat and social identity theory. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.