Reducing stereotype threat in order to facilitate learning
Article first published online: 30 DEC 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
European Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 42, Issue 2, pages 174–179, March 2012
How to Cite
Boucher, K. L., Rydell, R. J., Van Loo, K. J. and Rydell, M. T. (2012), Reducing stereotype threat in order to facilitate learning. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol., 42: 174–179. doi: 10.1002/ejsp.871
- Issue published online: 20 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 30 DEC 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 SEP 2011
- Manuscript Received: 28 MAY 2011
Recent stereotype threat research has demonstrated that negative stereotypes about women's math ability can impair their mathematical learning. This experiment extends this research by examining whether presenting “gender fair” information can reduce learning decrements (on a focal and transfer task) and if the timing of this information matters. Women (N = 140) and men (N = 60) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: control, stereotype threat only, stereotype threat removed before learning, and stereotype threat removed after learning. Compared with women in the control condition and women who had stereotype threat removed before learning, learning and transfer were poorer for women in the stereotype threat only condition and women who had stereotype threat removed after learning but before learning assessment. Men's learning and transfer were unaffected by condition. These findings suggest that a manipulation that can reduce performance deficits can also reduce learning decrements if it is presented before learning occurs. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.