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Keywords:

  • Environmental monitoring;
  • Electrochemical biosensors;
  • Contaminants;
  • Pollutants

Abstract

This article reviews recent advances in electrochemical biosensing and detection of environmental pollutants. Electrochemical biosensors offer precision, sensitivity, rapidity, and ease of operation for on-site environmental analysis. An electrochemical biosensor is an analytical device in which a specific biological recognition element (bioreceptor) is integrated within or intimately associated with an electrode (transducer) that converts the recognition event to a measurable electrical signal for the purpose of detecting a target compound (analyte) in solution. This approach not only provides the means for on-site analysis but also removes the time delay and sample alteration that can occur during transport to a centralized laboratory. We first address the basic principles of merging of electrochemistry and biology into a biosensing system, and then we discuss various environmental monitoring strategies involving this technology.