Voltammetric Determination of Both Concentration and Diffusion Coefficient by Combinational Use of Regular and Microelectrodes

Authors

  • Hua Zhang,

    1. Department of Applied Physics, University of Fukui, 3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui-shi, 910-8507 Japan phone/fax: +81-090-8095-1906, +81-776-27-8750
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  • Koichi Aoki,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Applied Physics, University of Fukui, 3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui-shi, 910-8507 Japan phone/fax: +81-090-8095-1906, +81-776-27-8750
    • Department of Applied Physics, University of Fukui, 3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui-shi, 910-8507 Japan phone/fax: +81-090-8095-1906, +81-776-27-8750
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  • Jingyuan Chen,

    1. Department of Applied Physics, University of Fukui, 3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui-shi, 910-8507 Japan phone/fax: +81-090-8095-1906, +81-776-27-8750
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  • Toyohiko Nishiumi,

    1. Department of Applied Physics, University of Fukui, 3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui-shi, 910-8507 Japan phone/fax: +81-090-8095-1906, +81-776-27-8750
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  • Hirokazu Toda,

    1. Department of Applied Physics, University of Fukui, 3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui-shi, 910-8507 Japan phone/fax: +81-090-8095-1906, +81-776-27-8750
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  • Eiji Torita

    1. Department of Applied Physics, University of Fukui, 3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui-shi, 910-8507 Japan phone/fax: +81-090-8095-1906, +81-776-27-8750
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Abstract

Two Pt disks with 1.6 and 0.1 mm diameter, whose sizes were accurately evaluated, were applied to voltammetric diffusion-controlled currents to determine the concentrations of redox species. Since voltammetric peak currents at a regular electrode, Ip, and limiting currents at a microelectrode, IL, are proportional to D1/2 and D, respectively, the ratio Ip2/IL is independent of the diffusion coefficient but dependents on the concentration. We used this fact to determine the concentrations of ferrocenyl derivatives, hemin, hexacyanoferrate(II), dioxygen gas and hydrogen gas. New insights are not only the absolute determination of concentrations but also the sensitive detection of adsorption of electrochemical products which blocked the voltammetric currents.

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