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Preparation and Application of Mediator-Free H2O2 Biosensors of Graphene-Fe3O4 Composites

Authors

  • Kangfu Zhou,

    1. Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, P. R. China fax: +86-21-64250624
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  • Yihua Zhu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, P. R. China fax: +86-21-64250624
    • Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, P. R. China fax: +86-21-64250624
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  • Xiaoling Yang,

    1. Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, P. R. China fax: +86-21-64250624
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  • Chunzhong Li

    1. Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, P. R. China fax: +86-21-64250624
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Abstract

Graphene-Fe3O4 (G-Fe3O4) composites were prepared with a solvothermal method for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) to construct a mediator-free H2O2 biosensor. The morphology and structure of the G-Fe3O4 composites were analyzed by TEM, SEM, and XRD. Chitosan (CH) was utilized to disperse the composites, and the mixture of CH, G-Fe3O4 and HRP was spin-coated on an indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode to form a biocomposites film. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammograms (CV) demonstrated the fast electron transfer process between HRP and the electrode. The resulted H2O2 biosensor exhibited a rapid response upon the addition of H2O2, a high sensitivity of 132 µA mM−1 cm−2 and a low detection limit of 6×10−7 M. The linear range of the biosensor is from 5×10−6 to 3.81×10−3 M (r=0.997). Such interesting G-Fe3O4 composites with easy preparation and low cost can provide a novel matrix for enzyme immobilization to construct biosensors with higher performance.

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