Sample application by in-gel rehydration improves the resolution of two-dimensional electrophoresis with immobilized pH gradients in the first dimension



We describe a modification in the sample application mode for isoelectric focusing with immobilized pH gradients. Instead of being applied at the surface of the gel in a sample cup, the sample is introduced into the gel during the immobilized pH gradient strip rehydration step. This modification implies the use of low percentage gels (below 3.5%T) and specially designed, but simple, rehydration chambers. The main advantages are a uniform resolution without side effects and the possibility of handling large sample volumes (500 μL for a standard 3 × 160 × 0.5 mm strip), allowing micropreparative work (milligram samples) with a simple experimental design.