We have developed and validated a procedure of high sensitivity for the analysis of RNA. The procedure is based on the separation and detection of the 5'-monophosphates of ribonucleosides selectively conjugated with 4,4-difluoro-5,7-dimethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene-3-propionyl ethylene diamine hydrochloride (BODIPY FL EDA) at the 5'-phosphate group using CE with LIF. BODIPY conjugates of the four common ribonucleoside-5'-monophosphates were prepared and subjected to CE-LIF to serve as standard compounds for peak assignment and to develop separation conditions. After digestion of RNA or oligoribonucleotides to 5'-monophosphates by nuclease P1 and fluorescence labeling BODIPY conjugates were detected and resolved by CE-LIF without further purification steps. Comparative CE-LIF analyses with DNA digested to deoxyribonucleoside-5'-monophosphates showed that the assay is equally efficient and sensitive for RNA analysis. Conditions to determine the modified ribonucleosides inosine, xanthosine, pseudouridine and 2'-O-methyladenosine were also established. The limits of detection were in the range of 80–200 pM. After calibrating the assay with oligoribonucleotides, pseudouridine was quantified in total RNA of Drosophila, human liver, human kidney and t-RNA of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. These studies demonstrate good potential of fluorescence labeling of ribonucleoside-5'-monophosphates with BODIPY FL EDA and detection by CE-LIF to determine RNA composition with high accuracy and sensitivity.