Several methods based on screening for a 16S ribosomal RNA gene marker have been developed for rapid and sensitive detection of pathogenic microorganisms. One such method, CE-based SSCP (CE-SSCP), has enormous potential because the technique can separate sequence variants using a simple procedure. However, conventional CE-SSCP systems have limited resolution and cannot separate most 16S ribosomal RNA gene-specific markers unless combined with additional modification steps. A high-resolution CE-SSCP system that uses a poly(ethyleneoxide)-poly(propyleneoxide)-poly(ethyleneoxide) triblock copolymer matrix was recently developed and shown to effectively separate highly similar PCR products. In this study, we developed a method based on a high-resolution CE-SSCP system using a poly(ethyleneoxide)-poly(propyleneoxide)-poly(ethyleneoxide) triblock copolymer that is capable of simultaneous and quantitative detection of 12 clinically important pathogens. Pathogen markers were amplified by PCR using universal primers and separated by CE-SSCP; each marker peak was well separated at baseline and showed a characteristic mobility, allowing easy identification of pathogens. A series of experiments using different amounts of genomic pathogen DNA showed that the method had a limit of detection of 0.31–1.56 pg and a dynamic range of approximately 102. These results indicate that high-resolution CE-SSCP systems have considerable potential in the clinical diagnosis of bacteria-induced diseases.