Colour Online: See the article online to view Figs. in colour.
Microfluidics and Miniaturization
Dielectrophoretic monitoring of microorganisms in environmental applications†
Article first published online: 8 AUG 2011
Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Special Issue: Dielectrophoresis 2011 – Part I
Volume 32, Issue 17, pages 2331–2357, September 2011
How to Cite
Jesús-Pérez, N. M. and Lapizco-Encinas, B. H. (2011), Dielectrophoretic monitoring of microorganisms in environmental applications. ELECTROPHORESIS, 32: 2331–2357. doi: 10.1002/elps.201100107
- Issue published online: 25 AUG 2011
- Article first published online: 8 AUG 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 APR 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 14 APR 2011
- Manuscript Received: 8 FEB 2011
- Environmental monitoring;
Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is the motion of polarizable particles in the presence of nonuniform electric fields. This novel electrokinetic technique has successfully been employed in many miniaturized systems for the manipulation and detection of microbes. This review article depicts the application of dielectrophoresis for the monitoring of microorganisms in microfluidic devices for environmental applications. The research studies described here are mainly conceived for water- and air-monitoring assessments, and are classified considering the target aimed to detect, concentrate, and/or separate, including chemical and toxicant agents, and microorganisms ranging from virus to protozoa. Dielectrophoresis has also played an important role in biofilm formation studies. This review article comprises mainly studies published from 2000 to present. Even in this relatively short time frame, there have been many significant contributions of this powerful and nascent technique related to environmental monitoring; thus, unveiling its great potential for future research directions.