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Simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate in human plasma by on-capillary preconcentration with field-amplified sample stacking



A simple method for the determination of nitrite and nitrate in human plasma has been developed using CZE with minimal sample preparation. Field-amplified sample stacking (FASS) was used to achieve submicromolar detection by dilution of the plasma sample with deionized water. In CZE, the separation of nitrite and nitrate was achieved within 10 min without adding EOF modifier. The optimal condition was achieved with 50 mM phosphate buffer at pH 9.3. The ninefold diluted plasma samples were injected hydrodynamically for 40 s into a 60 cm×75 μm id uncoated fused-silica capillary. The separation voltage was 20 kV (negative potential) and UV detection was performed at 214 nm. The linearity curves for nitrite and nitrate were obtained by the standard addition method. The estimated LODs for nitrite and nitrate in ninefold diluted plasma sample were 0.05 and 0.07 μM, respectively. The LODs for nitrite and nitrate in original plasma samples were 0.45 and 0.63 μM. The intra- and inter-day precisions for both analytes were <2.6% and the recovery ranged between 92.3 and 113.3%. It was found that nitrite was more stable than nitrate in the plasma after the sample preparation. This proposed method was applied to a number of human plasma samples and the measured nitrite and nitrate concentrations in human plasma were consistent with the literature ranges.