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Human complement factor 3 polymorphism determination by capillary electrophoresis of serum


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Variability of complement factor 3 (C3) mobility in serum protein electrophoresis was investigated. We found that the migration time of C3 can be reproducibly determined (beween-run CV=0.76%) using clinical capillary electrophoresis (CE) equipment (the Capillarys™ 2 system, Sebia). Moreover, we found a significant difference (p<0.001) in migration times of the major C3 phenotypes FF (fast-fast), FS (fast-slow) and SS (slow-slow). Glycosylation did not significantly affect test results. This is the first report on the migration time of C3 phenotypes on a clinical CE instrument. The presented method allows faster data than agarose-electrophoresis or genotyping. Moreover, reference ranges for serum C3 concentration depend on C3 phenotype, which allows a better tailored clinical interpretation of C3 concentrations.

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