SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Amin S, Krzeminski J, Rivenson A, Kurtzke C, Hecht SS, El Bayoumy K. 1995. Mammary carcinogenicity in female CD rats of fjord region diol epoxides of benzo[c]phenanthrene, benzo[g]chrysene, and dibenzo[a,l]pyrene. Carcinogenesis 16: 19711974.
  • Baum M, Amin S, Guengerich FP, Hecht SS, Kohl W, Eisenbrand G. 2001. Metabolic activation of benzo[c]phenanthrene by cytochrome P450 enzymes in human liver and lung. Chem Res Toxicol 14: 686693.
  • Begemann P, Sram RJ, Neumann HG. 2001. Hemoglobin adducts of epoxybutene in workers occupationally exposed to 1,3-butadiene. Arch Toxicol 74: 680687.
  • Bryant MS, Vineis P, Skipper PL, Tannenbaum SR. 1988. Hemoglobin adducts of aromatic amines: associations with smoking status and type of tobacco. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 85: 97889791.
  • Cavalieri EL, Higginbotham S, Rama Krishna NVS, Devanesan PD, Todorovic R, Rogan EG, Salmasi S. 1991. Comparative dose-tumorigenicity studies of dibenzo[a,l]pyrene versus 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, benzo[a]pyrene and two dibenzo[a,l]pyrene dihydrodiols in mouse skin and rat mammary gland. Carcinogenesis 12: 19391944.
  • Chepiga TA, Morton MJ, Murphy PA, Avalos JT, Bombick BR, Doolittle DJ, Borgerding MF, Swauger JE. 2000. A comparison of the mainstream smoke chemistry and mutagenicity of a representative sample of the US cigarette market with two Kentucky reference cigarettes (K1R4F and K1R5F). Food Chem Toxicol 38: 949962.
  • Conney AH. 1982. Induction of microsomal enzymes by foreign chemicals and carcinogenesis by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons [G.H.A. Clowes Memorial Lecture]. Cancer Res 42: 48754917.
  • deVos RH, van Dokkum W, Schouten A, Jong-Berkhout P. 1990. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Dutch total diet samples (1984–1986). Food Chem Toxicol 28: 263268.
  • Doll R. 1996. Cancers weakly related to smoking. Br Med J 52: 3549.
  • Einolf HJ, Amin S, Yagi H, Jerina DM, Baird WM. 1996. Benzo[c]phenanthrene is activated to DNA-binding diol epoxides more efficiently in the human mammary carcinoma cell line MCF-7 than in mouse skin. Carcinogenesis 17: 22372244.
  • Einolf HJ, Story WT, Marcus CB, Larsen MC, Jefcoate CR, Greenlee WF, Hagi H, Jerina DM, Amin S, Park SS, Gelboin HV, Baird WM. 1997. Role of cytochrome P450 enzyme induction in the metabolic activation of benzo[c]phenanthrene in human cell lines and mouse epidermis. Chem Res Toxicol 10: 609617.
  • El Bayoumy K. 1992. Environmental carcinogens that may be involved in human breast cancer etiology. Chem Res Toxicol 5: 585590.
  • El Bayoumy K, Donahue J, Hecht SS, Hoffmann D. 1986. Identification and quantitative determination of aniline and toluidines in human urine. Cancer Res 46: 60646067.
  • El Bayoumy K, Chae YH, Upadhyaya P, Rivenson A, Kurtzke C, Reddy B, Hecht SS. 1995. Comparative tumorigenicity of benzo[a]pyrene, 1-nitropyrene, and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine administered by gavage to female CD rats. Carcinogenesis 16: 431434.
  • Garner RC, Martin CN, Clayson DB. 1984. Carcinogenic aromatic amines and related compounds. In: SearleCE, editor. Chemical carcinogens, 2nd ed. ACS monograph 182 (Vol. 1). Washington, DC: American Chemical Society. p 175276.
  • Giovannucci E. 2001. An updated review of the epidemiological evidence that cigarette smoking increases risk of colorectal cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 10: 725731.
  • Grimmer G, Dettbarn G, Seidel A, Jacob J. 2000. Detection of carcinogenic aromatic amines in the urine of non-smokers. Sci Total Environ 247: 8190.
  • Hanahan D, Weinberg RA. 2000. The hallmarks of cancer. Cell 100: 5770.
  • Hayes RB, Zhang L, Swenberg JA, Yin S, Xi L, Wiencke J, Bechtold WE, Yao M, Rothman N, Haas R, O'Neill JP, Wiemels J, Dosemeci M, Li G, Smith MT. 2001. Markers for carcinogenicity among butadiene-polymer workers in China. Chem–Biol Interact 135/136: 455464.
  • Hecht SS. 1999. Tobacco smoke carcinogens and lung cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 91: 11941210.
  • Hecht SS, El Bayoumy K, Rivenson A, Fiala E. 1982. Comparative carcinogenicity of o-toluidine hydrochloride and o-nitrosotoluene in F344 rats. Cancer Lett 16: 103108.
  • Hecht SS, El Bayoumy K, Rivenson A, Amin S. 1994. Potent mammary carcinogenicity in female CD rats of a fjord region diol epoxide of benzo[c]phenanthrene compared to a bay region diol epoxide of benzo[a]pyrene. Cancer Res 54: 2124.
  • Hecht SS, Amin S, Lin JM, Rivenson A, Kurtzke C, El Bayoumy K. 1995. Mammary carcinogenicity in female CD rats of a diol epoxide metabolite of fluoranthene, a commonly occurring environmental pollutant. Carcinogenesis 16: 14331435.
  • Hecht SS, Rivenson A, Amin S, Krzeminski J, El Bayoumy K, Reddy BS, Kurtzke C, LaVoie EJ. 1996. Mammary carcinogenicity in female CD rats of diol epoxide metabolites of benzo[j]fluoranthene. Cancer Lett 106: 251255.
  • Hoffmann D, Hoffmann I, El Bayoumy K. 2001. The less harmful cigarette: a controversial issue. A tribute to Ernst L. Wynder. Chem Res Toxicol 14: 767790.
  • IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 1986a. Some naturally occurring and synthetic food components, furocoumarins and ultraviolet radiation. IARC monographs on the evaluation of the carcinogenic risk of chemicals to humans (Vol. 40). Lyon, France: IARC. p 264265
  • IARC. 1986b. Tobacco smoking. IARC monographs on the evaluation of the carcinogenic risk of chemicals to humans (Vol. 38). Lyon, France: IARC. p 37375
  • IARC. 1992. 1,3-Butadiene. Occupational exposures to mists and vapours from strong inorganic acids; and other industrial chemicals. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans (Vol. 54). Lyon, France: IARC. p 237285
  • IARC. 1998. Re-evaluation of some organic chemicals, hydrazine and hydrogen peroxide. Part 3. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans (Vol. 71). Lyon, France: IARC. p 10171018
  • IARC. 2000. Some industrial chemicals. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans (Vol. 77). Lyon, France: IARC. p 487501
  • Ittah Y, Thakker DR, Levin W, Croisy-Delcey M, Ryan DE, Thomas PE, Conney AH, Jerina DM. 1983. Metabolism of benzo[c]phenanthrene by rat liver microsomes and by a purified monooxygenase system reconstituted with different isozymes of cytochrome P-450. Chem–Biol Interact 45: 1528.
  • Jongeneelen FJ. 1994. Biological monitoring of environmental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; 1-hydroxypyrene in urine of people. Toxicol Lett 72: 205211.
  • Kidd LC, Stillwell WG, Yu MC, Wishnok JS, Skipper PL, Ross RK, Henderson BE, Tannenbaum SR. 1999. Urinary excretion of 2- amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) in White, African-American, and Asian-American men in Los Angeles County. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 8: 439445.
  • Kulp KS, Knize MG, Malfatti MA, Salmon CP, Felton JS. 2000. Identification of urine metabolites of 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine following consumption of a single cooked chicken meal in humans. Carcinogenesis 21: 20652072.
  • Landi MT, Zocchetti C, Bernucci I, Kadlubar FF, Tannenbaum S, Skipper P, Bartsch H, Malaveille C, Shields P, Caporaso NE, Vineis P. 1996. Cytochrome P450 1A2: enzyme induction and genetic control in determining 4-aminobiphenyl-hemoglobin adduct levels. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 5: 693698.
  • Levin W, Wood AW, Chang RL, Ittah Y, Croisy-Delcey M, Yagi H, Jerina DM, Conney AH. 1980. Exceptionally high tumor-initiating activity of benzo[c]phenanthrene bay-region diol-epoxides on mouse skin. Cancer Res 40: 39103914.
  • Li D, Wang M, Dhingra K, Hittleman WN. 1996. Aromatic DNA adducts in adjacent tissues of breast cancer patients: clues to breast cancer etiology. Cancer Res 56: 287293.
  • Li H, Krieger RI, Li QX. 2000. Improved HPLC method for analysis of 1-hydroxypyrene in human urine specimens of cigarette smokers. Sci Total Environ 257: 147153.
  • Misra B, Amin S, Hecht SS. 1992. Dimethylchrysene diol epoxides: mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium, tumorigenicity in newborn mice, and reactivity with deoxyadenosine in DNA. Chem Res Toxicol 5: 248254.
  • NTP (National Toxicology Program). 1986. Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of benzene (CAS No. 71-43-2) in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice (gavage studies). NTP Technical Report No. 289. Accessed 26 September 2001. http://ntp-server.niehs.nih.gov/htdocs/LT-studies/TR289.html
  • NTP. 1987. Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of ethylene oxide (CAS No. 75-21-8) in B6C3F1 mice (inhalation studies). NTP Technical Report No. 326. Accessed 26 September 2001. http://ntp-server.niehs.nih.gov/htdocs/LT-studies/TR326.html
  • Perera FP, Estabrook A, Hewer A, Channing K, Rundle A, Mooney LA, Whyatt R, Phillips DH. 1995. Carcinogen-DNA adducts in human breast tissue. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 4: 233238.
  • Petrakis NL, Gruenke LD, Beelen TC, Castagnoli N Jr, Craig JC. 1978. Nicotine in breast fluid of nonlactating women. Science 199: 303305.
  • Ralston SL, Coffing SL, Seidel A, Luch A, Platt KL, Baird WM. 1997. Stereoselective activation of dibenzo[a,l]pyrene and its trans-11,12-dihydrodiol to fjord region 11,12-diol 13,14-epoxides in a human mammary carcinoma MCF-7 cell-mediated V79 cell mutation assay. Chem Res Toxicol 10: 687693.
  • Shimada T, Hayse CL, Yamazaki H, Amin S, Hecht SS, Guengerich FP, Sutter TR. 1996. Activation of chemically diverse procarcinogens by human cytochrome P450 1B1. Cancer Res 56: 29792984.
  • Singletary KW, Parker HM, Milner JA. 1990. Identification and in vivo formation of 32P-postlabeled rat mammary DMBA-DNA adducts. Carcinogenesis 11: 19591963.
  • Sithisarankul P, Vineis P, Kang D, Rothman N, Caporaso N, Strickland P. 1997. The association of 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide in human urine with cigarette smoking and broiled or roasted meat consumption. Biomarkers 2: 217221.
  • Snook ME, Severson RF, Arrendale RF, Higman HC, Chortyk OT. 1977. The identification of high molecular weight polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in a biologically active fraction of cigarette smoke condensate. Beitr Tabakforsch 9: 79101.
  • WHO (World Health Organization). 1997. Tobacco or health: a global status report. Geneva: WHO. p 148