Of inflammasomes and pathogens – sensing of microbes by the inflammasome
Article first published online: 13 MAY 2013
Copyright © 2013 EMBO Molecular Medicine
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
EMBO Molecular Medicine
Volume 5, Issue 6, pages 814–826, June 2013
How to Cite
Bauernfeind, F. and Hornung, V. (2013), Of inflammasomes and pathogens – sensing of microbes by the inflammasome. EMBO Mol Med, 5: 814–826. doi: 10.1002/emmm.201201771
- Issue published online: 4 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 13 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 13 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 23 JAN 2013
Inflammasomes are signalling platforms that sense a diverse range of microbial products and also a number of stress and damage associated endogenous signals. Inflammasome complexes can be formed by members of the Nod-like receptor family or the PYHIN family member AIM2. Upon formation, inflammasomes trigger proteolysis of caspase-1, which subsequently leads to a potent inflammatory response through the maturation and secretion of IL-1 family cytokines, which can be accompanied by an inflammatory cell death termed pyroptosis. Here, we review the sensing mechanisms of the currently characterized inflammasome complexes and discuss how they are involved in the innate immune response against microbial pathogens. We especially highlight recent advances in the molecular understanding of how microbial patterns are detected and discriminated from endogenous compounds by inflammasome sensors. Further, we review how inflammasomes contribute to the anti microbial host defense by cytokine-dependent and cell autonomous mechanisms.
This review is part of the review series on host-pathogen interactions. See more reviews from this series..