Advanced biosorbents materials for removal of chromium from water and wastewaters



As we known, it is very expensive and ineffective to remove chromium ions from wastewaters using conventional methods when the chromium concentration is low (1–100 mg L−1). Thus, it is very necessary to develop alternative technologies now. A biosorption technology in which dead biomass is used to accumulate chromium is a method that can replace conventional processes for remediating chromium pollution in wastewaters. Biosorbents are prepared from naturally abundant and/or waste biomass. Because of the high uptake capacity and very cost-effective source of the raw material, biosorption is a progression toward a perspective method. An overview of advanced biosorbents for the removal of chromium is reported with special emphasis on the recent investigations on biosorption of chromium in water and wastewater. © American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 2011.