Biosorption of 2,4-d, 2,4-DP, and 2,4-DB from aqueous solution by using thermophilic anoxybacillus flavithermus and analysis by high-performance thin layer chromatography: Equilibrium and kinetic studies



In this study, the potential biosorption characteristics of the thermophilic Anoxybacillus flavithermus (A. flavithermus) was investigated for the removal of the chlorophenoxy acid derivates, namely, 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D), 2,4-dichlorophenoxy propanoic acid (2,4-DP or dichlorprop), and 2,4-dichlorophenoxy butyric acid (2,4-DB). The experiments were performed for the simultaneous biosorption of the studied pesticides. Optimum biosorption conditions were determined as a function of contact time, pH of the solution, amount of biomass, and initial pesticides concentrations. The concentrations of the pesticides in the remaining solutions were simultaneously analyzed by high performance thin layer chromatography. The optimum parameters were found as pH: 4.0 for biosorption medium, 60 min of contact time, 50 mg of bacteria, and 50 mg L−1 of initial pesticides concentrations. Langmuir and Freundlich models were applied to describe the biosorption isotherm of the pesticides by A. flavithermus as biomass. Biosorption of pesticides on to A. flavithermus showed pseudo first-order rate kinetics at different initial concentration of pesticides and different temperatures. The experimental adsorption data were fitted both the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models. Fourier-transform Infrared spectroscopy was used to understand the bonding mechanism of pesticides to biosorbent and surface functionality of the biosorbent The highest pesticide uptake was calculated from Langmuir isotherm and found to be 24.15 mg g−1 for 2,4-D. Among the studied pesticides, 2,4-DP showed difference adsorption behavior. According to in your comments the reason of this that 2,4-DP contain an asymmetric carbon atom, which provide a molecular chirality. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Environ Prog, 2011